Tartaric acid

  • Racemic acid
  • Uvic acid
  • Paratartaric acid
  • Racemic tartaric acid
  • 2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acid
Formula
C4H6O6
Structure
Description
White crystalline, odorless powder.
Uses
A constituent of many proprietary granular effervescent preparations.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
133-37-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
205-105-7
R 36/37/38
Merck
12,9236
Beilstein/Gmelin
1725148
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-01229
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-7866
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H6O6
Formula mass
150.09
Melting point, °C
220
Density
1.699 g/cm3
Solubility in water
206 g/L
pKa/pKb
3.07 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
210
Autoignition, °C
428
Upper exp. limit, %
18.7
Lower exp. limit, %
3
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
0
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Dust is irritating to the respiratory tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. Causes redness and pain. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.

Transport.
4. Organic acids