Tartrazine

  • Acid Yellow 23
  • C.I. 19140
Formula
C16H12N4O9S2 . 3Na
Structure
Description
Orange to red powder.
Uses
Used as a a dye for wool and silks.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1934-21-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
217-699-5
RTECS
UQ6400000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
UN (DOT)
1108
Merck
12,9239
Beilstein/Gmelin
69850
Beilstein Reference
5-25-08-00222
EPA OPP
211200
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H12N4O9S2 . 3Na
Formula mass
537.39
Melting point, °C
>300
Density
1.93 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable; however, material can decompose above 251C (484F).
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide, sodium oxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Inhalation of dust may cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
No information regarding skin irritation and other potential effects was found.
   Eyes
This product contains an anionic dye. Similar dyes have not caused injury to the cornea or conjunctiva in documented exposure cases with human or rabbit eyes.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1108
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I