Terbium trinitrate pentahydrate

  • Nitric acid, terbium(3+) salt, pentahydrate
Formula
Tb(NO3)3 . 5H2O
Structure
Description
odorless white crystals solid

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
57584-27-7
UN (DOT)
1477
Beilstein/Gmelin
388880 (G)

Properties.
Formula
H10N3O14Tb
Formula mass
435.01
Melting point, °C
89.3
Vapor density (air=1)
15.00
Solubility in water
Very soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. In case of spill, sweep up solid or absorb liquid with inert material, then place into a biohazard container. Wear protective equipment. Do not get water inside containers.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions. Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong bases.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials may cause a fire. Use water with caution and in flooding amounts. May explode from heat or contamination. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Use water only! Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. DO NOT use dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, Halon or foams.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1477
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III