Tetraamminecopper(2+) dihydroxide

  • Copper(2+), tetraammine-, dihydroxide
  • Schweitzer's reagent
  • Cuprammonium hydroxide
  • Shirley’s Solution.
  • Cuene
  • Cuoxam
Description
Deep blue, clear, aqueous solution. Pungent and intensely irritating odor.
Uses
Dissolves cellulose.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
17500-49-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
241-508-4
UN (DOT)
3266
Merck
12,8541
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Boiling point, °C
120-125 (0.5 torr)
Density
0.92 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble.

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep product moist, away from direct sources of heat and metals.
Protection
Use nitrile gloves or PVC gauntlets. Use chemical splash proof glasses or goggles. If skin contact or contamination of clothing is likely, protective clothing must be worn.
Respirators
Use a well maintained chemical cartridge respirator, or use self contained breathing apparatus.
Small spills/leaks
Major Spillage: Contain and absorb on inert material. Transfer absorbent to salvage container for removal. Wash area down with copious amounts of water. Minor Spillage: Contain and absorb on inert material. Neutralize with 5M hydrochloric acid. Transfer absorbent to container for removal. Wash area down with copious amounts of water.
Stability
Stable under normal conditions.
Incompatibilities
Acids, strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Evacuate area immediately. Keep up wind. Avoid exposure to toxic vapors and fumes. Fire-fighters should wear protective clothing and breathing apparatus. May evolve toxic fumes if involved in a fire. Extinguishing agents: Water spray, dry powder, carbon dioxide or vaporizing liquids.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Inhalation
Exposure to vapor concentrations above the occupational exposure limits will produce irritation of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract. High concentrations of vapor will effect the central nervous system causing spasms. In fatal cases severe damage to the lungs occurs along with secondary cardiovascular effects.
   Skin
The liquid will cause burns.
   Eyes
The vapor is be extremely irritating to eyes and can cause chemical eye burns. Damage can range from severe irritation and corneal scarring to permanent blindness.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If conscious give plenty of water to drink. Do not induce vomiting. If unconscious place in the recovery position. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION URGENTLY.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure. Keep warm and at rest. If there is difficulty in breathing give oxygen if available. If breathing stops or shows signs of failing, apply artificial resuscitation. If conscious place in a sitting position. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION URGENTLY.
   Skin
Wash off skin thoroughly with water. Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash before re-use. In severe cases or if exposure has been great, OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION.
   Eyes
Irrigate thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 10 minutes, holding the eye open. OBTAIN MEDICAL ATTENTION.

Transport.
UN number
3266
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
III