Tetrabutylammonium chloride

  • 1-Butanaminium, N,N,N-tributyl-, chloride
  • N,N,N-Tributyl-1-butanaminium chloride
  • Tetra-n-butylammonium chloride
Formula
C16H36N.Cl
Structure
Description
Light brown solid with an amine-like odor.
Uses
Catalyst in the synthesis of warfarin.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1112-67-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
214-195-7
R 22 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39
UN (DOT)
1759
Beilstein/Gmelin
3571227
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00556
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H36N*Cl
Formula mass
277.92
Melting point, °C
83-86
Evaporization number
0 (butyl acetate=1)
Density
1.05 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble
Heat of fusion
20.5 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
200
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. May cause eye injury.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1759
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III