Tetrabutylammonium iodide

  • Tetra-n-butylammonium iodide
  • 1-Butanaminium, N,N,N-tributyl-, iodide
Formula
C16H36IN
Structure
Description
odorless very slightly yellow solid

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
311-28-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
206-220-5
EC Class
harmful
R 22 36/37/38
S 26 36/37/39
RTECS
BS5450000
RTECS class
Other
Beilstein/Gmelin
3916152
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00556
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C16H36IN
Formula mass
369.38
Melting point, °C
143 - 146
Evaporization number
0 (butyl acetate=1)
Density
1.0027 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Heat of fusion
9.63 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen iodide, iodine, ammonia.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use water spray, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2923 90 00