Tetracaine hydrochloride

  • Pantocaine hydrochloride
  • 4-(Butylamino)benzoic acid 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl ester
  • 2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl 4-butylaminobenzoate monohydrochloride
  • 2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl p-(butylamino)benzoate hydrochloride
Formula
C15H25ClN2O2
Structure
Uses
Topical opththalmic anesthetic; used for spinal anesthesia

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
136-47-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
205-248-5
25 36 43
26 36/37 45
RTECS
DG4900000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2811
Merck
12,9330
Beilstein/Gmelin
3918400
Beilstein Reference
4-14-00-01172
EPA OPP
97005
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C15H25ClN2O2
Formula mass
300.83
Melting point, °C
148 - 148

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed.
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles.
Respirators
Government approved respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Iodides, inorganic mercury, silver salts.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
Toxic. Toxic if swallowed. Irritating to eyes. May cause sensitization by skin contact. Readily absorbed through skin. Target organ(s): Nerves.
   Ingestion
Toxic if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May be harmful if inhaled. Material may be irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. Readily absorbed through skin. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician immediately.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of skin contact, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
   Eyes
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
III