Tetraethylammonium chloride

  • Etamon chloride
  • Ethanaminium, N,N,N-triethyl-, chloride
  • TEAC
  • TEA chloride
  • Ammonium, tetraethyl, chloride
  • N,N,N-Triethylethanaminium chloride
Formula
(C2H5)4NCl.H2O
Structure
Description
White solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
56-34-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-267-5
RTECS
BS6125000
RTECS class
Drug; Human Data
Merck
12,9341
Beilstein/Gmelin
3563247
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00331
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H20ClN . H2O
Formula mass
183.73
Melting point, °C
285
Density
1.0801 g/cm3 (21 C)
Solubility in water
1410 g/L (25 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
28
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Moisture, strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2923 90 00