Tetraethylammonium nitrate

  • Ethanaminium, N,N,N-triethyl-, nitrate
Formula
C8H20N2O3
Structure
Description
White to off-white solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
1941-26-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
217-725-5
UN (DOT)
1325
Beilstein/Gmelin
3918466
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00331
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H20N*NO3
Formula mass
192.25
Melting point, °C
>200
Density
1.1622 g/cm3 (25 C)
Heat of combustion
-5578 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with clothing and other combustible materials. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Reducing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, amines.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials may cause a fire. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water with caution and in flooding amounts. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Contact professional fire-fighters immediately. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath shortness, cyanosis, rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. Ingestion of nitrate containing compounds can lead to methemoglobinemia.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. Inhalation can cause systemic acidosis and methemoglobinemia.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1325
Response guide
Hazard class
4.1
Packing Group
II; III