Tetramethylammonium hydroxide pentahydrate

  • Methanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, hydroide, pentahydrate
Formula
C4H12NOH.5H2O
Structure
Description
White to off-white solid with an ammonia-like odor.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10424-65-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-882-9
R 24/25 34
S 26 28 36/37/39 45
UN (DOT)
1835
Merck
12,9363
Beilstein/Gmelin
3714235
Beilstein Reference
0-04-00-00050
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H12N*5H2O*HO
Formula mass
181.16
Melting point, °C
65-68
Vapor density (air=1)
6.3
Density
1.829 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Absorbs carbon dioxide from the air.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, ammonia, amines.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Discard contaminated clothing in a manner which limits further exposure.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
1835
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
II