Tetramine

  • Tetramine chloride
  • Tetramethylammonium chloride
  • Methanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride
Formula
(CH3)4NCl
Structure
Description
White to off-white crystals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
75-57-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-880-8
EC Class
toxic
R 21 25 36/37/38
S 22 36/37/39 45
RTECS
BS7700000
RTECS class
Drug
UN (DOT)
2811
Beilstein/Gmelin
2496575
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2924
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H12ClN
Formula mass
109.60
Melting point, °C
> 300
Decomposition point, °C
230
Density
1.169 g/cm3 (20C)
Solubility in water
Freely soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Do not ingest or inhale.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents and moisture.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes, chlorine.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May be fatal if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2923 90 00