Tetranitromethane

  • Tetan
Formula
C(NO2)4
Structure
Description
A pale yellow liquid.
Uses
Rocket fuel, as an oxidant or monopropellant, qualitative test for unsaturated compounds, diesel fuel booster, organic reagent.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
509-14-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-094-7
RTECS
PB4025000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
1510
Merck
12,9371
Beilstein/Gmelin
1795620
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00107
RCRA
P112
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2930
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CN4O8
Formula mass
196.03
Melting point, °C
14.2
Boiling point, °C
126
Vapor pressure, mmHg
12 (25 C)
Density
1.629 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
1.76 cp @ 20C
Surface tension
30.41 g/s2 (20 C)
Refractive index
1.4384 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
8.49
Heat of vaporization
44.0 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-4308 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Avoid storing in extreme cold or heat, too dry or moist air. Avoid storing for long and storing in secondary container. keep hydrocarbons away.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Avoid contact with hydrocarbons, alkalis, metals, oxidizers, aluminum, toluene, cotton.
Decomposition
When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
20
Fire fighting
Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. Cool containers that are exposed to flames with water from the side until well after fire is out. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holder or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.Extinguish small fires with water only, no dry chemicals or carbon dioxide. For large fires, flood the fire area with water.
Fire potential
The material is somewhat difficult to ignite and once ignited, it burns at a steady rate. Severe fire and explosion hazard, especially very explosive with impurities.
Hazards
Spontaneous chemical reaction may produce fire. Material is a strong oxidizer. The potential for explosion is severe, especially when exposed to heat or to powerful oxidizing or reducing agents; or when shocked or heated. It is more easily detonated than TNT. Impurities can also cause explosion. The material is highly sensitive; hydrocarbons exposed to it form exceedingly sensitive explosives. When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of oxides of nitrogen. Shock will explode it. Avoid hydrocarbons, aluminum, toluene, cotton, aromatic nitro compounds, alkalis, metals and rubber. Avoid impurities, shock, heat, and reducing agents.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors (such as oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide) may be released in a fire involving tetranitromethane.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm (8 mg/m3) OSHA PEL: TWA 1 ppm (8 mg/m3) IDLH 4 ppm
Carcinogin
G-A3, I-2B, N-2, CP65
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
No data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during pregnancy or lactation.
   Ingestion
Based on this agent's other irritant properties, esophageal or gastrointestinal tract irritation or burns might develop following ingestion.
   Inhalation
Respiratory tract irritation, dyspnea, or bronchopneumonia may be seen. Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema may occur.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
Eye, nose and throat irritation may occur.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do not induce emesis. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.
   Eyes
Immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1510
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
PRTC
T
Packing Group
I
 
USCG CHRIS Code
TNM
 
Std. Transport #
4918180