- Thallic fluoride
- Thallium trifluoride
White orthorhombic crystals.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
26/28 33 51/53
13 28 45 61
Melting point, °C
8.36 g/cm3 (25 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep tightly closed. Store in a cool dry place.
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves. Chemical safety goggles. Protective clothing.
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Hygroscopic. Decomposes when heated.
Strong oxidizing agents, acids.
Hydrogen fluoride, thallium.
Extinguish with water spray, carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Target organs: male reproductive system, kidneys, liver, skin, nerves, cardiovascular system, eyes. The most characteristic symptom of thallium exposure is alopecia (loss of hair). Cutaneous effects may include dry, scaly skin and impairment of nail growth often resulting in the appearance of crescent-shaped strips across fingernails and toenails (Mees' line). Other symptoms in acute poisoning relate chiefly to the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, skin, eyes, and cardiovascular system. Acute poisoning results in swelling of the feet and legs, arthralgia, vomiting, insomnia, hyperesthesia and paresthesia of the hands and feet, mental confusion, polyneuritis with severe pain in the legs and loins, partial paralysis of the legs, angina-like pains, nephritis, wasting and weakness, and lymphocytosis and eosinophilia. In chronic poisoning, central and peripheral nervous system abnormalities may persist including ataxia, tremor, incoordination, paralysis of extremities, endocrine disorders, memory loss, and psychoses may develop. Symptoms of fluoride overexposure may include salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, and labored breathing. Fluoride ion can reduce serum calcium levels possibly causing fatal hypocalcemia. Prolonged exposure to fluoride dusts, vapors, or mists results in perforation of the nasal septum. Chronic effects include excessive calcification of the bones, ligaments, and tendons.
Material may be irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract.
May cause irritation.
May cause eye irritation. Can cause blindness.
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and copious amounts of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.