Toxaphene

  • Camphechlor
  • Chlorinated champhene
  • Toxakil
  • Phenacide
  • Stroban I
Formula
Unspecified
Description
Yellow, waxy solid with a pleasant piney odor. since 1982. Only registered for scabies control on cattle in the U.S.
Uses
This material is used as an insecticide, acaricide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8001-35-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-283-3
EC Index Number
602-044-00-1
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 3; Toxic; Harmful; Irritant; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
XW5250000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
2761
Merck
12,9693
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
RCRA
P123
EPA OPP
80501
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2082
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Melting point, °C
65
Decomposition point, °C
155
Vapor pressure, mmHg
7E-6
Vapor density (air=1)
14.3
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 2.3660 mg/m3
Density
1.65 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
3 mg/L
Partition coefficient, pKow
5.90

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in well ventilated area.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep unnecessary people away; isolate hazard area and deny entry. Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Ventilate closed spaces before entering them. Wash away any material which may have contacted the body with copious amounts of water or soap and water. In case of land spill, dig a pit, pond, lagoon, or holding area to contain the liquid or solid material. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or firefighting water. In case of water spill, if camphechlor is dissolved, apply activated carbon at ten times the spilled amount in region of 10 ppm or greater concentration. Remove trapped material with suction hoses. Use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants and precipitates.
Stability
Stable.
Incompatibilities
It is

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
135 (closed cup)
Autoignition, °C
530
Fire fighting
Move container from fire area if this can be done without risk. Fight fire from a maximum distance. Dike fire control water for later disposal; do not scatter the material. Wear positive pressure breathing apparatus and special protective clothing.Small fires: dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or foam. Large fires: water spray, fog, or foam. Water may be ineffective on fire.
Fire potential
Slightly flammable. When heated to elevated temperature.
Hazards
Container may explode in heat of fire. Toxic vapors are generated when heated. Releases hydrochloric acid in the presence of alkali, on prolonged exposure to sunlight, and at temperatures above 311F. Avoid strong oxidizers, corrosive to iron.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors (such as hydrogen chloride and carbon monoxide) may be released in a fire involving chlorinated camphene.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 skin NIOSH REL: Ca skin See Appendix A NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 200 mg/m3
Carcinogin
G-A3, I-2B, N-2, CP65
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Respirations may decrease, then increase. Cyanosis precedes convulsions. Fever or reduced body temperature may occur. Sensory disturbances, excitation with myoclonic jerking, convulsions, tremor, ataxia, agitation, nervousness, and amnesia may occur. In the case of camphechlor, cyanosis may precede convulsions because respiration is arrested due to tetanic muscular contractions, then is increased as muscles relax. Permanent damage may occur from acute exposure. Effects on behavior and learning have been reported. Camphechlor did not affect reproduction, fertility, or lactation in multi-generation rodent studies. Stillbirths in sows were associated with gestational exposure. Camphechlor inhibited spermatogenesis in rats.
   Ingestion
Nausea or spontaneous vomiting may not exist prior to onset of convulsions in camphechlor poisoning. Diarrhea may occur.
   Inhalation
Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed.
   Skin
Extensive contact results in dermal irritation. Camphechlor can cause allergic dermatitis.
   Eyes
Hypersalivation may occur. Redness.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove material from skin immediately. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
2761
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
TXP