Trichloroacetonitrile

  • Trichlorocyanomethane
  • Cyanotrichloromethane
  • Trichloromethyl cyanide
  • 2,2,2-Trichloroacetonitrile
  • Tritox
Formula
CCl3CN
Structure
Description
Clear pale yellow liquid.
Uses
This material is used as an insecticide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
545-06-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-885-7
EC Index Number
608-002-00-9
EC Class
Toxic; Dangerous for the Environment
R 23/24/25 51/53
RTECS
AM2450000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1610
Merck
12,9757
Beilstein/Gmelin
605572
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00524
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2226
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2Cl3N
Formula mass
144.39
Melting point, °C
-44
Boiling point, °C
85.7
Vapor pressure, mmHg
69 (25 C)
Density
1.439 g/cm3 (12 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.408 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.54
Heat of vaporization
34.16 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Refrigerator (approx 4 C). Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong acids - strong bases - strong oxidizing agents - strong reducing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, cyanides, chlorine.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
105
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Fire potential
This chemical is combustible.
Hazards
Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
1*
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. Causes digestive tract irritation.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Effects of inhalation may be delayed.
   Skin
Causes severe skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Effects of contact may be delayed.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye irritation. Lachrymator.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1610
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
II
 
HS Code
2926 90 95