Trimethylamine hydrochloride

  • Trimethylammonium chloride
  • Methanamine, N,N-dimethyl-, hydrochloride
Formula
C3H9N.HCl
Structure
Description
Hygroscopic. White to beige crystals.
Uses
In manufacture of quaternary ammonium compounds, as insect attractant,.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
593-81-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-810-0
R 36/37/38
RTECS
YH2700000
RTECS class
Reproductive Effector
Merck
12,9841
Beilstein/Gmelin
3905063
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00134
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C3H10ClN
Formula mass
95.57
Melting point, °C
273 - 278
Sublimation point, °C
200
Density
1 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Causes irritation of the respiratory tract, skin and eyes.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Rinse area with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
HS Code
2921 11 90