Trioxalen

  • Psoralen
  • 7H-Furo(3,2-g)(1)benzopyran-7-one, 2,5,9-trimethyl
  • 2,5,9-Trimethyl-7H-furo(3,2-g)(1)benzopyran-7-one
  • 2',4,8-Trimethylpsoralen
  • 4,5',8-Trimethylpsoralen
  • 6-Hydroxy-beta,2,7-trimethyl-5-benzofuranacrylic acid gamma-lactone
Formula
C14H12O3
Structure
Description
White to off-white powder powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3902-71-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
223-459-0
RTECS
LV1576000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
Merck
12,9864
Beilstein/Gmelin
221723
Beilstein Reference
5-19-04-00472
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C14H12O3
Formula mass
228.24
Melting point, °C
234
Boiling point, °C
389
Vapor pressure, mmHg
3E-6 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.25
Heat of fusion
27.6 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
63.8 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area. Refrigerator (approx 4 C).
Handling
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
189
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract. May cause systemic effects.
   Inhalation
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. May cause systemic effects.
   Skin
Causes skin burns. May cause skin rash (in milder cases), and cold and clammy skin with cyanosis or pale color.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
   Eyes
Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Transport.