- Gum thus
- Gum spirits
- Wood turpentine
- Spirits of turpentine
- Sulfate turpentine
Colorless liquid. Characteristic odor. Becoming more pronounced & less agreeable on
Solvent for oils, resins, varnishes, vehicle for paints.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Flammable; Harmful; Irritant; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
Tumorigen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
-50 to -60
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
6.5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.854-0.868 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool place in the original container and protect from sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Calcium hypochlorite, chlorine, chromic anhydride, chromyl chloride, hexachloromelamine, stannic chloride, and trichloromelamine.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. To extinguish fire, use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.
Quite flammable - combustion probable.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Emits acrid fumes on heating.
TLV: 100 ppm; 556 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1992-1993) OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 800 ppm
Headache and dizziness may occur with vapor exposure. Seizures may develop after large ingestions. CNS depression including coma may occur following turpentine ingestion. The use of turpentine and water as a vaginal douche has resulted in abortion.
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis.
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.