Turpentine, oil

  • Gum thus
  • Gum spirits
  • Wood turpentine
  • Spirits of turpentine
  • Sulfate turpentine
Formula
C10H16(approximate)
Description
Colorless liquid. Characteristic odor. Becoming more pronounced & less agreeable on
Uses
Solvent for oils, resins, varnishes, vehicle for paints.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8006-64-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-350-7
EC Index Number
650-002-00-6
EC Class
Flammable; Harmful; Irritant; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
YO8400000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1299
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
EPA OPP
84501
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2910
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H16
Formula mass
136 (approximate)
Melting point, °C
-50 to -60
Boiling point, °C
150
Vapor pressure, mmHg
6.5 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.7
Density
0.854-0.868 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool place in the original container and protect from sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Calcium hypochlorite, chlorine, chromic anhydride, chromyl chloride, hexachloromelamine, stannic chloride, and trichloromelamine.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
35
Autoignition, °C
253
Upper exp. limit, %
6
Lower exp. limit, %
0.8
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. To extinguish fire, use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.
Fire potential
Quite flammable - combustion probable.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Emits acrid fumes on heating.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: 100 ppm; 556 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1992-1993) OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 800 ppm
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Headache and dizziness may occur with vapor exposure. Seizures may develop after large ingestions. CNS depression including coma may occur following turpentine ingestion. The use of turpentine and water as a vaginal douche has resulted in abortion.
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1299
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
TPT
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P