- Oil of turpentine
- Spirit of turpentine
- Turpentine oil
- Gum turpentine
- Wood turpentine
A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
Paint thinner, making of vanishes and treatment of lice.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Flammable; Harmful; Irritant; Sensitizing; Dangerous for the Environment
R 10 20/21/22 36/38 43 51/53 65
S 36/37 46 61 62
Tumorigen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
577 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
0.86 (butyl acetate=1)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Containers of this material may be hazardous when emptied. Since emptied containers retain product residues (vapor, liquid, and/or solid), all hazard precautions given in the data sheet must be observed. All five-gallon pails and larger metal containers, including tank cars and tank trucks, should be grounded and/or bonded when material is transferred.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Calcium hypochlorite, chlorine, chromic anhydride, chromyl chloride, hexachloromelamine, stannic chloride, and trichloromelamine.
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, nitrogen compounds, various hydrocarbons.
Lower exp. limit, %
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Forms heavy black smoke and soot
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
OSHA PEL: 560mg/M3, ACGIH TLV: 556 mg/M3
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis.
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.
Seek medical assistance.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.