Turpentine

  • Oil of turpentine
  • Spirit of turpentine
  • Turps
  • Turpentine oil
  • Gum turpentine
  • Wood turpentine
Formula
Mixture
Description
A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
Uses
Paint thinner, making of vanishes and treatment of lice.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8006-64-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-350-7
EC Index Number
650-002-00-6
EC Class
Flammable; Harmful; Irritant; Sensitizing; Dangerous for the Environment
R 10 20/21/22 36/38 43 51/53 65
S 36/37 46 61 62
RTECS
YO8400000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1299
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
EPA OPP
84501
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2910
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Melting point, °C
-60
Boiling point, °C
154
Vapor pressure, mmHg
577 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.7
Evaporization number
0.86 (butyl acetate=1)
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
B2 D2B
Handling
Containers of this material may be hazardous when emptied. Since emptied containers retain product residues (vapor, liquid, and/or solid), all hazard precautions given in the data sheet must be observed. All five-gallon pails and larger metal containers, including tank cars and tank trucks, should be grounded and/or bonded when material is transferred.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Calcium hypochlorite, chlorine, chromic anhydride, chromyl chloride, hexachloromelamine, stannic chloride, and trichloromelamine.
Decomposition
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, nitrogen compounds, various hydrocarbons.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
35
Autoignition, °C
253
Lower exp. limit, %
0.8
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Forms heavy black smoke and soot
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OSHA PEL: 560mg/M3, ACGIH TLV: 556 mg/M3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause kidney damage. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may cause respiratory swelling and pneumonitis.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
   Eyes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1299
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
TPT
 
Std. Transport #
4912414 4910313 4910326
 
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P