tert-Butyl peroxycrotonate

  • 2-Buteneperoxoic acid, 1,1-dimethylethyl ester
  • tert-Butyl 2-buteneperoxoate
  • tert-Butyl percrotonate
  • Peroxycrotonic acid, tert-butyl ester
  • Esperox 13
Formula
C8H14O3
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
23474-91-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
245-679-6
UN (DOT)
2183
Beilstein/Gmelin
1854796
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H14O3
Formula mass
158.20
Melting point, °C
-32
Boiling point, °C
169
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1.6 (25 C)
Critical temperature
363
Critical pressure
26.6
Density
0.954 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Refractive index
1.4414 g/cm3 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
2.70
Heat of vaporization
40.6 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area). Keep combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.) away from spilled material. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Keep substance wet using water spray. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. SMALL SPILLS: Take up with inert, damp, noncombustible material using clean non-sparking tools and place into loosely covered plastic containers for later disposal.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
55
Fire fighting
SMALL FIRES: Water spray or fog is preferred; if water not available use dry chemical, carbon dioxide or regular foam. LARGE FIRES: Flood fire area with water from a distance. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams. Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk. Do not move cargo or vehicle if cargo has been exposed to heat. Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire. For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
Fire potential
May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause severe injury or burns.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove material from skin immediately. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. Keep victim warm and quiet.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
2183
Response guide
Hazard class
5.2