Clear, colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor.
Intermediate for rubber accelerators, insecticides, fungicides, dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
highly flammable, toxic, corrosive
R 11 20/22 35
S 9 16 26 36/37/39 45
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Vapor density (air=1)
224000 ppm (22.4%) or 447000 ppm (44.7%) at 25 C (calculated)
Moderate; 1 (Butyl acetate = 1)
0.6965 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.0079 cp (25 C)
31.32 g/s2 (0 C)
1.3752 (20 C)
4.31 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
B2 D1A E
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents, acids, organic acids, isocyanates, alcohols and glycols (e.g. butyl alcohol, ethanol, methanol, ethylene glycol), phenols and cresols (e.g. carbolic acid, creosote, cresol, phenol, resorcinol).
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Contact professional fire-fighters immediately.
Very flammable. Flammable liquid.
Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Extremely flammable liquid. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fire.
OEL-GERMANY:TWA 5 ppm (15 mg/m3);Skin
Headaches may ensue after inhalation of the vapor. CNS effects were seen in animals exposed to the vapor. No data were available to assess the teratogenic potential of this agent. <br>No data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during pregnancy or lactation.
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. May cause perforation of the digestive tract.
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. May cause pulmonary edema and severe respiratory disturbances. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
Causes severe skin irritation and possible burns.
Causes eye irritation and possible burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.