tris(Hydroxymethyl)nitromethane

  • 1,3-Dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-nitropropane
  • 2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol
  • Nitroisobutylglycerol
  • Tris Nitro
Formula
C4H9NO5
Structure
Description
Odorless, white crystalline powder.
Uses
Bactericide for inanimate objects.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
126-11-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
204-769-5
S 22 36/37
RTECS
TY7350000
RTECS class
Other
Merck
12,9883
Beilstein/Gmelin
742427
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-02777
EPA OPP
83902
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-6797
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H9NO5
Formula mass
151.12
Melting point, °C
158 - 159
Boiling point, °C
446
Vapor pressure, mmHg
8E-10 (25 C)
Density
1.44 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Soluble
Refractive index
1.5091 (25 C)
pKa/pKb
12.31 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.35
Heat of vaporization
81.2 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2132 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep containers closed when not in use.
Handling
Whash thoroughly after handling.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
NIOSH approved regulator.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up bulk. Flush area with copious amounts of water.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Not reported.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
209
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Causes irritation of the eyes, skin and nose.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.