Vanadium trichloride

  • Vanadium(III) chloride
Formula
Cl3V
Structure
Description
A pink to violet crystalline solid.
Uses
Used to make other chemicals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7718-98-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
231-744-6
RTECS
YW2800000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2475
Beilstein/Gmelin
1935 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4850
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
Cl3V
Formula mass
157.30
Density
3 g/cm3 (18 C)
Solubility in water
Decomposes
Heat of fusion
43.90 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Corrosives area.
Handling
Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
A NIOSH/MSHA approved air purifying dust or mist respirator or European Standard EN 149.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, air, moisture, light.
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use dry chemical, dry sand, or carbon dioxide. Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat which will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
Combustion products
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: C 0.05 mg V/m3 15-min. Note: REL applies to all V cmpds except V metal and Vanadium carbide). {Vanadium fume}}NIOSH REL: C 0.05 mg V/m3 15-minute NIOSH IDLH: 35 mg/m3 (as V) {{V fume}} 35 mg/m3 (as V)
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
   Inhalation
Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2475
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
III
 
Std. Transport #
4932397