Vinylacetonitrile

  • 3-Butenenitrile
  • beta-Butenonitrile
  • 1-Butene-3-nitrile
  • 1-Propene-3-nitrile
  • 3-Cyanopropene
  • Allyl cyanide
Formula
CH2=CHCH2CN
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
109-75-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-701-1
R 11 21 23/25
S 16 28 36/37/39 45
RTECS
EM8050000
RTECS class
Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1992
Merck
13,287
Beilstein/Gmelin
605352
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01491
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2122
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H5N
Formula mass
67.09
Melting point, °C
-86.8
Boiling point, °C
119
Vapor pressure, mmHg
30 (13 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.3
Density
0.8491 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.406 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.40
Heat of vaporization
35.7 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
23
Upper exp. limit, %
15.6
Lower exp. limit, %
2
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flame. Containers may explode if exposed to fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Water may spread fire. If water is the only media available, use in flooding amounts. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Flammable Liquid.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1992
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III