Vinyloxirane

  • Ethenyloxirane
  • Vinyl epoxide
  • 1,3-Butadiene monoepoxide
  • 1,2-Oxido-3-butene
  • 1,2-Epoxy-3-butene
  • Butene 3,4-epoxide
Formula
C4H6O
Structure
Description
Clear light yellow liquid.
Uses
Comonomer with propylene oxide for polyethers.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
930-22-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
213-210-4
R 11 40
S 16 33 36/37
RTECS
EM7350000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
1993
Beilstein/Gmelin
103170
Beilstein Reference
5-17-01-00180
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H6O
Formula mass
70.09
Melting point, °C
-135
Boiling point, °C
65
Vapor pressure, mmHg
145 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
2.41
Density
0.872 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
Refractive index
1.421 (15 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-0.03
Heat of vaporization
29.9 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Refrigerator/flammables.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash hands before eating. Use only in a well ventilated area. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Stability
Unstable.
Incompatibilities
Acids, bases, and oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
-50
Autoignition, °C
430
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
Fire potential
This chemical is flammable.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
2
 

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause cancer in humans.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1993
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III