Xylitol

  • Xylite
Formula
C5H12O5
Structure
Description
White powder.
Uses
Used as a oral and intravenous nutrient.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
87-99-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
201-788-0
RTECS
ZF0800000
RTECS class
Mutagen
Merck
12,10218
Beilstein/Gmelin
1720523
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-02832
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H12O5
Formula mass
152.15
Melting point, °C
94
Boiling point, °C
495
Vapor pressure, mmHg
6E-12 (25 C)
Density
1.52 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
13.24
Partition coefficient, pKow
-3.77
Heat of fusion
34.4 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
87.8 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
None reportged.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
262
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Low hazard for usual industrial handling. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
Low hazard for usual industrial handling. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
20. Alcohols. Glycols