Zinc diethyldithiocarbamate

  • Ethazate
  • Ethyl cymate
  • Ethylzimate
  • Hermat zdk
  • Vulcacure ze
  • Vulkacit lda
Formula
C10H20N2S4Zn
Structure
Description
White to off-white powder.
Uses
Accelerator for rubber vulcanization, heat stabilizer for polyethylene.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
14324-55-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
238-270-9
EC Index Number
006-082-00-4
EC Class
Harmful; Irritant; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
ZH0350000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Beilstein/Gmelin
144147 (G)
RCRA
U407
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-9020
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C10H20N2S4Zn
Formula mass
363.95
Melting point, °C
178 - 179
Density
1.47 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear safety glasses and chemical goggles if splashing is possible. Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
Exposure to thiram or mbdt-carb (based on animal studies) may cause weakness, ataxia, ascending paralysis and hypothermia. Peripheral neuropathy (pain, numbness and weakness of the extremities) has been noted following exposure to thiuram (the ethyl analog of thiram). No adverse reproductive effects (testicular parameters) in male mice were observed following methyl thiophanate doses up to 1000 mg/kg orally for 5 consecutive days (Traina et al, 1998). Maternal toxicity was evident in female rats.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur.
   Inhalation
Respiratory failure, requiring ventilatory support, has been reported following ingestions.
   Skin
Exposure to dusts, sprays, solutions, wettable powder suspensions or emulsions of these agents may lead to skin and mucous membrane irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Ipecac-induced vomiting is not recommended because of the potential for cns depression and seizures. Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents. Intravenous fluids may be useful in restoring extracellular fluid volume following severe vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.

Transport.